Follow Along

Surgical approaches in the late stages include epilation58,120,14, second-intent excision 101,316 and excision for primary occlusion 514,16 Surgeons assess patients to determine whether AKN should be removed in one or more stages. Pustules are firm, skin-coloured papules that fuse into keloidal plaques, destroy hair follicles and cause variable hair losses.4 In advanced cases, abscesses of the sinuses and purulent drainage develop.
In the later stage, recurrent acute papules and pustules fuse into broad keloid-like scars in the affected area. The scar process can destroy hair follicles, which can lead to permanent hair loss in the region. A keloid scar is one which becomes thick, lumpy, raised and bigger than the original wound.
Keloid hypertrophic scars are the most common type of scars that occur as a result of acne and during the healing process. They appear as elevated lesions or scar tissue on the skin caused by the overgrowth of fibrous tissue in the area where the acne lesion has developed. A keloid scar is an enlarged scar on pink or red skin that is colored or darker than the surrounding skin.
Keloids and hypertrophic scars are the most common on the chest, back and shoulders where the skin is thickest, and also along the jawline. Since the keloids are differentiated, the hypertrophic scar remains confined to the original scar border. 47 hypertrophic scars develop within 4 weeks of dermal injury, grow for several months and then regress. 4 They are less symptomatic.
Patients at risk of keloid formation are advised to avoid contact sports, unnecessary cosmetic surgery and high-risk areas of skin.3 Ear piercings Despite this advice, pressure earrings can be used to reduce the risk of keloid formation. When hypertrophic scars develop, treatment with oral or topical antibiotics is the most successful measure to control the formation of hypertrophic and keloidal scars and should be used. Potent topical corticosteroid ointments can be helpful, and intralesional injection of triamcinolone can reduce the majority of scar tissue.
A variety of laser modalities have been described to reduce the inflammation response by targeting blood vessels and hair follicles in the affected area. Laser light therapy reduces the inflammatory response without destroying the hair follicle. Dr Bosley points out that in certain cases, laser treatment can dilute the hair, reduce the risk of ingrown hair and eliminate papules that are resistant to medical treatment.
These can be removed by an experienced surgeon, but there is a risk of developing a keloid scar. While it is possible to prevent the formation of keloids, you should take measures to protect the skin from skin damage.
A keloid can form after skin damage such as surgery, incisions, piercings, burns, chicken pox and acne. Over time, small, itchy bumps that form on the neck or near the hairline can become scars, and the hairs around them can fall out. Thick tissue grows around the wound healing, making the scar larger than the original injury.
Acne (Keloidalis nuchae) develops in the neck area where the hair grows. Inflammation increases with dandruff, scratches, trying to get pimples out, and wearing irritating clothing designed for camouflage. Keloids can also develop when you undergo a body piercing.
Characteristic findings during physical examination are follicular base papules (Figure 1), pustular appearance, ingrown hair, hypertrophic and keloidal scars in the neck (Figure 2). Papules or pustules can form confluent plaques that drain into the sinuses. Involved follicles may have tufts of hair (folliculitis) and intact follicle margins may have polytrichia.
Genetic mutations that increase the likelihood of a weak hair follicle structure could also play a role. Some believe that an injury caused by a close shave can cause inflammation that destroys the hair follicles.
Characterized by the fact that, unlike women, men cut their hair deep, causing hair to sting in the back of the head and scalp and causing irritation. Regular irritation and friction from shirt collars and helmets pulling at the hair can cause folliculitis and eventually scarring.
Slight trauma and shavings can lead to keloids, such as around the hairline. Cryotherapy is useful for small lesions caused by acne. Cryotherapies are useful for minor lesions such as acne and keloid in combination with other techniques.
Folliculitis keloidalis (Folliculitis keloidalis nuchae) is sometimes called acne cheloidaris (Nuchae acne keloidsalis). The name is incorrect as it is not an acne scar in any form and it is not a real keyring. It is an unusual form of chronic follicle inflammation, an inflammation of the hair follicle unit (scarring and hair loss in the neck).
Acne keloidalis nuchae (also known as keloidal folliculitis or neck eloid) is a chronic skin disease characterized by inflamed bumps and scars on the neck. It is not related to the more common acne, Acne vulgaris, but appears as acne-like lesions and inflamed hair follicles (follicles) in the neck and lobes, and the treatment results in larger scars (keloids). On the scalp and occipital scalp, lesions of this disease appear as red, purulent bumps that are tender and itchy.
These lesions are not keloidal, and affected patients tend to develop keloidal in other areas as well. AKN occurs on the scalp and back of the neck and is more common in young African-American men.